, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 259-264
Date: 13 Apr 2006

Application and assessment of a robust elastic motion correction algorithm to dynamic MRI

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the performance of a new motion correction algorithm. Twenty-five dynamic MR mammography (MRM) data sets and 25 contrast-enhanced three-dimensional peripheral MR angiographic (MRA) data sets which were affected by patient motion of varying severeness were selected retrospectively from routine examinations. Anonymized data were registered by a new experimental elastic motion correction algorithm. The algorithm works by computing a similarity measure for the two volumes that takes into account expected signal changes due to the presence of a contrast agent while penalizing other signal changes caused by patient motion. A conjugate gradient method is used to find the best possible set of motion parameters that maximizes the similarity measures across the entire volume. Images before and after correction were visually evaluated and scored by experienced radiologists with respect to reduction of motion, improvement of image quality, disappearance of existing lesions or creation of artifactual lesions. It was found that the correction improves image quality (76% for MRM and 96% for MRA) and diagnosability (60% for MRM and 96% for MRA).