European Radiology

, Volume 16, Issue 7, pp 1599–1609

Comparison of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography versus baseline ultrasound and contrast-enhanced computed tomography in metastatic disease of the liver: diagnostic performance and confidence

  • Emilio Quaia
  • Mirko D’Onofrio
  • Alessandro Palumbo
  • Stefania Rossi
  • Stefano Bruni
  • Maria Cova
Hepatobiliary-Pancreas

DOI: 10.1007/s00330-006-0192-7

Cite this article as:
Quaia, E., D’Onofrio, M., Palumbo, A. et al. Eur Radiol (2006) 16: 1599. doi:10.1007/s00330-006-0192-7

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to compare contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) to baseline US and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) in metastatic disease of the liver diagnosed or suspected by US during presurgical staging or postsurgical follow-up for primary malignancies. Materials and methods: Two hundred-fifty-three patients considered suitable for US due to the complete explorability of the liver and with one to five proven or suspected liver metastases at baseline US were included. All patients underwent US before and after microbubble injection, and multiphase contrast-enhanced CT. Independent panels of readers reviewed US and CT scans and recorded liver metastases according to a 5-grade scale of diagnostic confidence. Sensitivity, specificity (diagnostic performance) and area under the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve (diagnostic confidence) were calculated. Results: Reference standards revealed no metastases in 57/253, more than five in 59/253, and one to five in 137/253 patients. In patients with one to five metastases, CEUS versus baseline US revealed more metastases in 64/137 and the same number in 73/137 patients while CEUS versus CT revealed more metastases in 10/137, the same number in 99/137, and lower number in 28/137. Sensitivity, specificity, and area under ROC curve of CEUS (83%, 84%, 0.929, respectively) differed from baseline US (40%, 63%, 0.579, respectively; P<0.01) while did not differ from CT (89%, 89%, 0.945, respectively; P>0.05). Conclusion: CEUS improved liver metastases diagnosis in comparison with baseline US while it revealed similar diagnostic performance and confidence to contrast-enhanced CT in patients considered suitable for US and with proven or suspected liver metastases at baseline US.

Keywords

Liver Metastasis Ultrasonography Microbubble contrast agent 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emilio Quaia
    • 1
  • Mirko D’Onofrio
    • 2
  • Alessandro Palumbo
    • 1
  • Stefania Rossi
    • 1
  • Stefano Bruni
    • 1
  • Maria Cova
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Cattinara HospitalUniversity of TriesteTriesteItaly
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, University of VeronaHospital G.B. RossiVeronaItaly

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