Neuro

European Radiology

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 905-914

Acquired lesions of the corpus callosum: MR imaging

  • A. UchinoAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Saga Medical School Email author 
  • , Y. TakaseAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Saga Medical School
  • , K. NomiyamaAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Saga Medical School
  • , R. EgashiraAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Saga Medical School
  • , S. KudoAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Saga Medical School

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Abstract

In this pictorial review, we illustrate acquired diseases or conditions of the corpus callosum that may be found by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the brain, including infarction, bleeding, diffuse axonal injury, multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Marchiafava-Bignami disease, glioblastoma, gliomatosis cerebri, lymphoma, metastasis, germinoma, infections, metabolic diseases, transient splenial lesion, dilated Virchow-Robin spaces, wallerian degeneration after hemispheric damage and focal splenial gliosis. MR imaging is useful for the detection and differential diagnosis of corpus callosal lesions. Due to the anatomical shape and location of the corpus callosum, both coronal and sagittal fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images are most useful for visualizing lesions of this structure.

Keywords

Corpus callosum Acquired lesion Magnetic resonance imaging