, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 1469-1480,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 10 May 2007

Expression analysis and subcellular localization of the Arabidopsis thaliana G-protein β-subunit AGB1

Abstract

Heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins (G-proteins), consisting of Gα, Gβ, and Gγ subunits, function as molecular switches in many eukaryotic signal transduction pathways. In contrast to many eukaryotes, plants contain very few G-protein subunit isoforms that mediate a diverse array of signalling functions. We investigated the contribution of cell type-specific expression and subcellular localization to this multifunctional signalling capacity for the Arabidopsis thaliana Gβ subunit, AGB1. Analysis of AGB1 promoter::β-glucuronidase (GUS) fusions in germinating seeds, seedlings, and flowering plants revealed that AGB1 is widely expressed throughout development in a complex manner. As well as demonstrating similarities to existing Arabidopsis G-protein subunit expression data, several features of the AGB1 expression pattern align closely with known or proposed G-protein functions. A C-terminal AGB1-green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion was localized at the plasma membrane and in the nucleus of leaf epidermal cells, trichomes and root cells, supporting previous evidence that plant G-protein functionality relies on subcellular compartmentalization.