Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 26, Issue 7, pp 1025–1033

Stable transformation and long-term maintenance of transgenic Taxus cell suspension cultures

  • Raymond E. B. Ketchum
  • Lea Wherland
  • Rodney B. Croteau
Genetic Transformation and Hybridization

DOI: 10.1007/s00299-007-0323-x

Cite this article as:
Ketchum, R.E.B., Wherland, L. & Croteau, R.B. Plant Cell Rep (2007) 26: 1025. doi:10.1007/s00299-007-0323-x


A cell line of Taxus cuspidata has been transformed with wild-type Agrobacterium rhizogenes ATCC strain 15834 containing binary vector pCAMBIA1301 and, separately, with A. tumefaciens strain EHA105 containing binary vector pCAMBIA1305.2. Additionally, a cell line of T. chinensis has been transformed with wild-type A. rhizogenes ATCC strain 25818 containing binary vector pCAMBIA1301. The two transgenic T. cuspidata cell lines have been maintained in culture for more than 20 months, and the transgenic T. chinensis cell line for more than 9 months, with no loss of reporter gene expression or antibiotic resistance. The introduced genes had no discernable effect on growth or Taxol production in the transgenic cell lines when compared to the parent control. The methods for transforming non-embryogenic Taxus suspension cultures are described.


TaxusTaxolPaclitaxelAgrobacteriumTransformationCell suspension culture







Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter


High performance liquid chromatography coupled mass spectroscopy

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond E. B. Ketchum
    • 1
  • Lea Wherland
    • 1
  • Rodney B. Croteau
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biological ChemistryWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA