, Volume 25, Issue 8, pp 815-820
Date: 10 Mar 2006

Molecular analysis of transgene and vector backbone integration into the barley genome following Agrobacterium-mediated transformation

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Abstract

We report a large-scale study on the frequency of transgene and T-DNA backbone integration following Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of immature barley embryos. One hundred and ninety-one plant lines were regenerated after hygromycin selection and visual selection for GFP expression at the callus stage. Southern blotting performed on a subset of 53 lines that were PCR positive for the GFP gene documented the integration of the GFP gene in 27 of the lines. Twenty-three of these lines expressed GFP in T1 plantlets. Southern blotting with a vector backbone probe revealed that 13 of the 27 lines possessed one or more vector backbone fragments illustrating the regular occurrence of vector backbone integration following Agrobacterium infection of barley immature embryos.

Communicated by W. Horwood