, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 289-300
Date: 30 Jul 2010

Current, new and future treatments of osteoporosis

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Abstract

Osteoporosis as a common chronic disease is challenging human health. Although different therapeutic options are routinely used for prevention/treatment of osteoporosis, their side effects and benefits are under question. Increasing our knowledge about signaling pathways in bone and osteocytes as well as osteoblasts and osteoclasts will help us in designing new therapeutic modalities for osteoporosis. In the present study, all new therapeutic measures of osteoporosis have been reviewed. For this purpose, search engines like Pubmed, Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar were searched and all relevant articles were found. The study was limited to the year 1998–2010. Bisphosphonates are the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment, but there are not enough relevant studies that investigated their equivalencies in comparison with each other or the other medications. Therefore, medication selection is empirical and subjective. Furthermore, no eminent study has compared certain combinations. There are new hopes for treatment of osteoporosis, which are more specific with less harm. Our results show that new and emerging therapies are more potent and target specified which more individualize osteoporosis treatment; however, more investigations on their safety and efficacy in comparison with current medications are highly recommended.