Rheumatology International

, Volume 28, Issue 10, pp 1031–1034

Safety and efficacy of etanercept in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis below the age of 4 years

  • N. Tzaribachev
  • J. Kuemmerle-Deschner
  • M. Eichner
  • G. Horneff
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00296-008-0563-2

Cite this article as:
Tzaribachev, N., Kuemmerle-Deschner, J., Eichner, M. et al. Rheumatol Int (2008) 28: 1031. doi:10.1007/s00296-008-0563-2

Abstract

Little is known about the safety and efficacy of etanercept in children below the age of 4 years. Twenty-five patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) below the age of 4 years, who received etanercept, were documented in the German JIA Etanercept Registry. Patients with the nonsystemic JIA disease-subtype responded more frequently to treatment with etanercept than systemic onset patients. At last observation, two (20%) of the nonsystemic patients did not reach a PedACR 30 response, while six (40%) of the systemic onset patients did not respond to the therapy. Complete resolution of symptoms was observed in two (20%) nonsystemic and in five (33%) systemic onset patients with JIA. Tolerability was good with only two infections occurring in the total patients group. Patients with JIA below the age of 4 years, with a methotrexate-resistant disease course, would also benefit from treatment with etanercept, showing a good tolerability. The restriction to children older than 4 years appears to be artificial without any good rationale.

Keywords

Etanercept Young children Safety Efficacy 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Tzaribachev
    • 1
  • J. Kuemmerle-Deschner
    • 1
  • M. Eichner
    • 2
  • G. Horneff
    • 3
  1. 1.University Children’s HospitalTuebingenGermany
  2. 2.Department of Medical BiometryUniversity of TuebingenTuebingenGermany
  3. 3.Asklepios KlinikSankt AugustinGermany