, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 137-143
Date: 10 Jul 2007

Etanercept reduces the serum levels of interleukin-23 and macrophage inflammatory protein-3 alpha in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the soluble TNF-α receptor etanercept on the serum levels of IL-16, IL-17, IL-23, and macrophage inflammatory protein-3α (MIP-3α) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Twenty-two patients with RA were administered etanercept once or twice a week for more than 6 months, and we evaluated clinical and laboratory parameters and serum levels of IL-16, IL-17, IL-23, and MIP-3α at the baseline and at 3 and 6 months. Additionally, the production of IL-23 and MIP-3α of cultured synovial cells stimulated with TNF-α from RA patients was determined by ELISA. We also used ELISA kits to determine synovial fluid (SF) levels of IL-17, IL-23, and MIP-3α in patients with RA, osteoarthritis (OA), pseudogouty arthritis (PGA), and gouty arthritis (GA). A significant decrease in serum levels of IL-23 and MIP-3α was observed at 3 and 6 months after initial treatment of etanercept. TNF-α induced MIP-3α but not IL-23 production in cultured synovial cells from RA patients. SF levels of IL-17, IL-23, and MIP-3α in RA patients showed significantly higher levels than those of OA, PGA, and GA patients. This study demonstrated that the reduction of IL-23 and MIP-3α production in RA patients was a newly determined function of etanercept