Magnetic resonance imaging guided corticosteroid injection of sacroiliac joints in patients with spondylarthropathy. Are multiple injections more beneficial?
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- Günaydin, I., Pereira, P.L., Fritz, J. et al. Rheumatol Int (2006) 26: 396. doi:10.1007/s00296-005-0008-0
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Efficacy of a second magnetic resonance (MR) imaging guided corticosteroid injection of inflamed sacroiliac joints (SIJ) in patients with spondylarthropathy. Thirty-one patients received 50 injections in an outpatient basis. Fifteen of 31 patients who relapsed or were non-responders received a second injection. All had MR guided injection of 40 mg triamcinolone acetonide into SIJ using an open 0.2 Tesla unit. Twenty of 31 patients after the first injection, and 9 of 15 patients after the second injection reported subjective improvement, which lasted for a mean of 8.7±10.9 and 16.1±15.8 months for each group. Subchondral bone marrow edema resolved in 15 of 20 patients who reported subjective improvement, after the first injection. No complications occurred. MR guided steroid injection of SIJ is effective and safe. Since there is no exposure to radiation it could be performed many times. Repeated injections seem to be beneficial for primary non-responders and patients who relapsed.