Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 64, Issue 6, pp 607–622

An excellent ablative composite based on PBO reinforced EPDM

  • Guoxin Gao
  • Zhicheng Zhang
  • Xuefei Li
  • Qingjie Meng
  • Yuansuo Zheng
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00289-009-0204-2

Cite this article as:
Gao, G., Zhang, Z., Li, X. et al. Polym. Bull. (2010) 64: 607. doi:10.1007/s00289-009-0204-2

Abstract

Short poly(p-phenylene-2,6-benzobisoxazole) (PBO) fibers were first used to reinforce ethylene–propylene–diene terpolymer (EPDM) as thermal insulation materials. The effects of PBO fiber length and content on the mechanical and ablative properties of the composites were investigated in detail. Comparing with the severe breakage occurred in short aramid fibers as fillers, only some necking deformation is observed in PBO fibers filled EPDM after processed. After ablated by oxyacetylene flame, the carbonized PBO fibers still keep solid fibrous structure instead of hollow one of carbonized aramid fibers in the char layer. As a result, the PBO fibers/composites show significantly higher tensile strength and ablation resistant abilities than the aramid fibers/composites. Moreover, with the length and content of PBO fibers increasing, both the tensile strength and the ablation resistance of the composites increase gradually though the break elongation reduces sharply. Considering the properties requirement of thermal insulator, PBO fibers with 3.42–5.56 wt% in content and 3–4 mm in length are preferred. The mass loss rate and the erosion rate as low as 0.05 g s−1 and 0.10 mm s−1 are observed in the optimal samples, respectively, which is evidently lower than that of the best aramid fibers/EPDM-based insulations reported so far.

Keywords

PBO fiberEPDMInsulation compositesAblative rate

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guoxin Gao
    • 1
  • Zhicheng Zhang
    • 2
  • Xuefei Li
    • 2
  • Qingjie Meng
    • 2
  • Yuansuo Zheng
    • 2
  1. 1.Key State Laboratory for Mechanical Behavior of Materials, School of Material Science and EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.School of ScienceXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina