Journal of Mathematical Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 8, pp 935–948

A spatial model for the spread of invading organisms subject to competition

  • Deborah R. Hart
  • Robert H. Gardner

DOI: 10.1007/s002850050083

Cite this article as:
Hart, D. & Gardner, R. J Math Biol (1997) 35: 935. doi:10.1007/s002850050083


 A spatially explicit integrodifference equation model is studied for the spread of an invading organism against an established competitor. Provided the invader is initially confined to a bounded region, the invasion spreads asymptotically as a travelling wave whose speed depends on the strength of the competitive interaction and on the dispersal characteristics of the invader. Even an inferior, but established, competitor can significantly reduce the invasion speed. The invasion speed is also influenced by the exact shape of the dispersal kernel (especially the thickness of the tail) as well as the mean dispersal distance for each generation.

Key words: Biological invasions Integrodifference equations Competition Travelling waves Dispersal 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborah R. Hart
    • 1
  • Robert H. Gardner
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv 69978, Tel Aviv, IsraelIL
  2. 2.Appalachian Environmental Laboratory, University of Maryland, Frostburg, MD 21537, USAUS

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