, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 85-88

Enterococcus seriolicida Is a Junior Synonym of Lactococcus garvieae, a Causative Agent of Septicemia and Meningoencephalitis in Fish


The reference strains of Enterococcus seriolicida (ATCC 49156T) (T = type strain) and of Lactococcus garvieae (ATCC 43921T) and 30 field strains of Gram-positive cocci isolated from diseased rainbow trout in Italy were found to be phenotypically (API 20 STREPT and API 50 CH) and genetically (DNA-DNA hybridization) similar. The high DNA-DNA homologies (70–100%) and the low ΔTm(e) (less than 1.1°C) among these strains showed that Enterococcus seriolicida and Lactococcus garvieae are synonyms, describing a single bacterial species. E. seriolicida strains should be classified as L. garvieae, which must be considered as a major pathogen of freshwater and salt water fish with a world-wide distribution.