, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 142-148

Phase I study of oral JM216 given twice daily

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JM216 [bis-acetato-ammine-dichloro-cyclohexylamine-platinum(IV)] is an oral platinum complex that is currently in phase II trials in ovarian cancer and lung cancer on a daily-times-5 schedule. This trial examined an alternative schedule of two doses given 12 h apart, which may be better tolerated by patients. A total of 19 patients were given 50 cycles of treatment at doses ranging from 150 to 350 mg/m2 b.i.d. The study was stopped before the MTD was reached due to non-linear pharmacokinetics. Toxicity was similar to that encountered in previous phase I studies, with nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea being seen at all dose levels, although this was generally mild and short-lived, and grade 3 and 4 myelosuppression being seen at dose levels ranging from 250 to 350 mg/m2. There was no nephro-, oto-, or neurotoxicity, but one patient had an allergic reaction at 300 mg/m2 on the fifth and sixth cycles. No response was seen, but two patients with mesothelioma had stable disease and received six cycles. There was considerable interpatient variability in plasma pharmacokinetics at all dose levels. There was no relationship between dose and AUC (dose 1 and dose 2) or Cmax after dose 1. In a limited number of patients the first dose was given in the morning rather than in the evening, apparently resulting in lower AUC, Cmax and T max values at the 250-mg/m2 dose level, but this was not seen in one patient at 300 mg/m2. This study confirms that the pharmacokinetics of JM216 is non-linear and highly variable due to saturable absorption and that the daily times 5 schedule is the optimal schedule for further phase II trials.

Received: 8 August 1997 / Accepted: 5 November 1997