, Volume 72, Issue 2, pp 397-403
Date: 14 Jun 2013

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and KRAS mutations during chemotherapy plus anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody treatment in metastatic colorectal cancer

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Abstract

It is now well established that metastatic colorectal cancer patients without KRAS mutation (codon 12) benefit from treatment with an epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody (anti-EGFR mAb). Recently, EFGR and KRAS mutations have been shown to exist in patients who developed resistance to anti-EGFR mAb. We analyzed KRAS, BRAF V600E and EGFR S492R mutations in 37 post-anti-EGFR mAb tumor samples from 23 patients treated with chemotherapy plus anti-EGFR mAb. No EGFR S492R mutation was detected. A KRAS mutation was found after anti-EGFR mAb in only one tumor. Our results suggest that acquired EGFR S492R and KRAS mutations do not constitute the main mechanism of resistance to anti-EGFR mAb in combination with chemotherapy.