, Volume 70, Issue 3, pp 373-380,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 18 Jul 2012

Pharmacokinetics of sepantronium bromide (YM155), a small-molecule suppressor of survivin, in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors: dose proportionality and influence of renal impairment

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this analysis was to investigate the pharmacokinetics (PK) of sepantronium (YM155), a small-molecule suppressor of the expression of the antiapoptosis protein survivin, in Japanese patients with advanced solid tumors and to evaluate the effect of renal impairment on the PK profile of sepantronium.

Methods

Sepantronium was administered as a continuous intravenous infusion of 1.8–10.6 mg/m2/day for 168 h (7 days) to 33 patients. PK parameters were estimated via non-compartmental method. Renal function was categorized for the analysis based on the chronic kidney disease guidance using eGFR values at pre-dose.

Results

The PK of sepantronium was dose proportional in the dose range of 1.8–10.6 mg/m2/day. Age and sex did not significantly affect the PK of sepantronium. Results suggested that total clearance and renal clearance in patients with moderate renal impairment were 0.7-fold lower than those in patients with normal renal function, resulting in 1.3-fold higher steady-state concentration and area under the curve values. The PK parameters of sepantronium in patients with mild renal impairment were comparable to those in the patients with normal renal function.

Conclusions

While age and sex did not significantly affect the PK of sepantronium, moderate renal impairment increased exposure of sepantronium by about 30 %. The results suggest that no dose adjustment is required for patients with mild renal impairment.