, Volume 69, Issue 5, pp 1135-1144,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 01 Jan 2012

Exposure–response relationship of AMG 386 in combination with weekly paclitaxel in recurrent ovarian cancer and its implication for dose selection

Abstract

Purpose

To characterize exposure–response relationships of AMG 386 in a phase 2 study in advanced ovarian cancer for the facilitation of dose selection in future studies.

Methods

A population pharmacokinetic model of AMG 386 (N = 141) was developed and applied in an exposure–response analysis using data from patients (N = 160) with recurrent ovarian cancer who received paclitaxel plus AMG 386 (3 or 10 mg/kg once weekly) or placebo. Reduction in the risk of progression or death with increasing exposure (steady-state area under the concentration-versus-time curve [AUCss]) was assessed using Cox regression analyses. Confounding factors were tested in multivariate analysis. Alternative AMG 386 doses were explored with Monte Carlo simulations using population pharmacokinetic and parametric survival models.

Results

There was a trend toward increased PFS with increased AUCss (hazard ratio [HR] for each one-unit increment in AUCss, 0.97; P = 0.097), suggesting that the maximum effect on prolonging PFS was not achieved at the highest dose tested (10 mg/kg). Among patients with AUCss ≥ 9.6 mg h/mL, PFS was 8.1 months versus 5.7 months for AUCss < 9.6 mg h/mL and 4.6 months for placebo. No relationship between AUCss and grade ≥3 adverse events was observed. Simulations predicted that AMG 386 15 mg/kg once weekly would result in an AUCss ≥ 9.6 mg h/mL in >90% of patients with median PFS of 8.2 months versus 5.0 months for placebo (HR [15 mg/kg vs. placebo], 0.56).

Conclusions

Increased exposure to AMG 386 was associated with improved clinical outcomes in recurrent ovarian cancer, supporting the evaluation of a higher dose in future studies.

Clinical trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov registration numbers: NCT00479817 and NCT00102830.
The results of this study have not been previously published or submitted for publication elsewhere. The results were presented in part at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, June 4–8, 2010, and the European Society for Medical Oncology Annual Meeting, Milan, Italy, October 8–12, 2010.