, Volume 68, Issue 4, pp 935-944
Date: 05 Feb 2011

Different relation between ERCC1 overexpression and treatment outcomes of two platinum agents in advanced biliary tract adenocarcinoma patients

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The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) expression on treatment outcomes in advanced biliary tract adenocarcinoma (ABTA) patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy.


One hundred and six patients with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of biliary tract were enrolled at 5 institutions in South Korea between January 2002 and September 2008. Of 106 patients, 93 were assessed by immunohistochemistry from tissue specimens. Sixty-five patients were treated with cisplatin-based regimens and the other 28 treated with oxaliplatin-based ones.


For total study population, no significant differences were noted in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) between ERCC1-negative and ERCC1-positive patients, respectively (4.2 vs. 2.9 months, p = 0.116; 7.0 vs. 7.8 months, p = 0.143). In patients treated with cisplatin-based regimens, median PFS and OS were significantly longer in ERCC1-negative group than in ERCC1-positive group, respectively (4.6 vs. 1.9 months, p = 0.014; 9.1 vs. 7.9 months, p = 0.017). Disease control rate (DCR) was better in patients with ERCC1 negative than in patients with ERCC1 positive (p = 0.048). On the other hand, in patients treated with oxaliplatin-containing regimens, median PFS and OS tended to be longer in ERCC1-positive group, but these did not reach statistical significances. Response rate was better in patients with ERCC1 positive (p = 0.005).


ERCC1 shows a significant prognostic value in ABTA patients treated with cisplatin. A survival benefit was observed in ERCC1-negative patients from cisplatin-containing chemotherapy but not from oxaliplatin-containing ones. The action mechanism of ERCC1 on cisplatin may be different from that on oxaliplatin.