Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology

, Volume 67, Issue 4, pp 823–828

Effect of MDR modulators verapamil and promethazine on gene expression levels of MDR1 and MRP1 in doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7 cells

  • Yaprak Dönmez
  • Laila Akhmetova
  • Özlem Darcansoy İşeri
  • Meltem Demirel Kars
  • Ufuk Gündüz
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00280-010-1385-y

Cite this article as:
Dönmez, Y., Akhmetova, L., İşeri, Ö.D. et al. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol (2011) 67: 823. doi:10.1007/s00280-010-1385-y

Abstract

Purpose

One of the major problems of cancer chemotherapy is the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype. Among the numerous mechanisms of MDR, a prominent one is the increased expression of membrane transporter proteins, the action of which leads to decreased intracellular drug concentration and cytotoxicity of drugs. Among them, P-gp and MRP1, encoded by MDR1 and MRP1 genes, respectively, have been associated with MDR phenotype. Chemical modulators can be used to reverse MDR. These chemicals can either modulate MDR due to their substrate analogy (such as calcium channel blocker verapamil) or interact with phospholipid membranes (such as antihistaminic drug promethazine). This study focuses on the effect of verapamil and promethazine on the expression levels of MDR1 and MRP1 genes and the drug transport activity in doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7 breast carcinoma cell line.

Methods

Doxorubicin-resistant MCF-7 (MCF-7/Dox) cells were incubated with either verapamil or promethazine, and total RNA was isolated. Real-time PCR (qPCR) was carried out by using specific primers for MDR1, MRP1, and ß-actin genes. Intracellular doxorubicin accumulation was also examined by confocal laser scanning microscopy in treated cells.

Results

Results demonstrated a significant decrease in both MDR1 and MRP1 expression levels after promethazine applications. It has also been shown that treatment of the cells with verapamil results in significant decrease in MDR1 mRNA levels. Confocal laser scanning microscopy images demonstrated that the intracellular accumulation of doxorubicin was increased after verapamil treatment in MCF-7/Dox cells.

Conclusions

The present study gives an idea about the efficiency of verapamil and promethazine on MDR reversal both in gene expression and in transport activity levels.

Keywords

MDR reversal MCF-7 Promethazine Verapamil 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yaprak Dönmez
    • 1
  • Laila Akhmetova
    • 1
  • Özlem Darcansoy İşeri
    • 2
  • Meltem Demirel Kars
    • 1
  • Ufuk Gündüz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesMiddle East Technical UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Institute of Transplantation and Gene SciencesBaşkent UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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