, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp 745-753
Date: 24 Dec 2009

Biodistribution of humanized anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody/bevacizumab on peritoneal metastatic models with subcutaneous xenograft of gastric cancer in mice

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Abstract

Purpose

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is correlated with peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer, increasing vascular permeability accompanied by accumulation of ascites. The aim of the current study is to investigate the biodistribution of bevacizumab in a peritoneal metastatic model of gastric cancer and to clarify which is more suited to treatment of peritoneal metastasis, systemic or regional therapy.

Methods

A highly peritoneal-seeding cell line of gastric cancer, OCUM-2MD3, which exhibited high production and release of VEGF was used in this study. The biodistribution of bevacizumab was investigated using peritoneal metastatic models together with subcutaneous xenografts, and 125I-radiolabelled bevacizumab was administrated to these models subcutaneously (s.c.) or intraperitoneally (i.p.), respectively. In addition, the anti-tumor response of bevacizumab and paclitaxel was assessed as single agents or in combination using peritoneal metastatic models.

Results

In the analysis of biodistribution, 125I-bevacizumab administrated i.p. indicated low peritoneal clearance. On the other hand, s.c. administration of 125I-bevacizumab showed preferential accumulation in subcutaneous tumors and peritoneal nodules, with a high blood concentration. In peritoneal metastatic models, the effects of bevacizumab were found for both the growth inhibition of peritoneal nodules (P < 0.01) and the reduction of ascites (P < 0.05). These effects were more prominent by s.c. administration compared with i.p. administration and were increased in combination with i.p. paclitaxel.

Conclusion

Bevacizumab should be administrated systemically compared to regionally, and the combination with i.p. paclitaxel has a potential to be useful for patients with peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer.