Bone marrow CFU-GM and human tumor xenograft efficacy of three tubulin binding agents
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- Kurtzberg, L.S., Roth, S.D., Bagley, R.G. et al. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol (2009) 64: 1029. doi:10.1007/s00280-009-0959-z
The dynamic instability of microtubules in cells is one of the key targets of anticancer therapeutics. Microtubule-disrupting agents such as vinca alkaloids and microtubule-stabilizing agents such as taxanes are important antitumor agents. The bone marrow toxicity and human tumor xenograft activity of three tubulin-binding compounds, vincristine, paclitaxel, and tasidotin were compared.
Mouse and human bone marrow were subjected to colony-forming (CFU-GM) assays over a 5-log concentration range in culture. In vivo, a range of tasidotin doses was compared with vincristine, paclitaxel, and docetaxel for efficacy in several human tumor xenografts.
The IC90 concentrations for vincristine and paclitaxel for mouse CFU-GM were 30 and 27 nM, and for human CFU-GM were 3 and 9 nM, giving mouse to human differentials of ten- and threefold. Tasidotin produced IC90s of >300 nM in mouse and 65 nM in human CFU-GM, thus a >4.6-fold differential between species. In vivo, tasidotin resulted in a dose-dependent increase in tumor growth delay in the RL lymphoma, the RPMI 8226 multiple myeloma, and MX-1 breast carcinoma models. Vincristine and tasidotin were also very effective against these tumors. The PC-3 prostate carcinoma was very responsive to full-dose paclitaxel and docetaxel while tasidotin generated a dose dependent effect.
Bringing together bone marrow toxicity data, pharmacokinetic parameters, and human tumor xenograft efficacy provides valuable information for the translation of preclinical findings to the clinic.