, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 183-188

MDR1 (ABCB1) G1199A (Ser400Asn) polymorphism alters transepithelial permeability and sensitivity to anticancer agents

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Abstract

Purpose

P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by MDR1 (or ABCB1), is important in anticancer drug delivery and resistance. We evaluated alterations in P-gp-mediated transport of anticancer agents due to the MDR1 G1199A polymorphism.

Methods

Using stable recombinant epithelial cells expressing wild-type (MDR1 wt ) or G1199A (MDR1 1199A ), anticancer drug sensitivity and transepithelial permeability were evaluated.

Results

The recombinant cells MDR1 wt and MDR1 1199A displayed comparable doxorubicin resistance. However, MDR1 1199A cells displayed greater resistance to vinblastine, vincristine, paclitaxel, and VP-16 (11-, 2.9-, 1.9-, and 2.9-fold, respectively). Alterations in transepithelial permeability paralleled these changes. Efflux of doxorubicin was similar between MDR1 wt - and MDR1 1199A -expressing cells, while P-gp-mediated transport was greater for vinblastine and vincristine in MDR1 1199A cells (2.9- and 2.0-fold, respectively).

Conclusions

The occurrence and magnitude of the MDR1 G1199A effect is drug specific. Overall, the MDR1 G1199A polymorphism may impact anticancer efficacy through modulation of drug distribution and delivery to target tumor cells.