Annals of Hematology

, Volume 79, Issue 6, pp 340–344

Disseminated infection by Scedosporium Prolificans: an emerging fatality among haematology patients. Case report and review

  • J. Maertens
  • K. Lagrou
  • H. Deweerdt
  • I. Surmont
  • G. E. G. Verhoef
  • J. Verhaegen
  • M. A. Boogaerts
CASE REPORT

DOI: 10.1007/s002779900137

Cite this article as:
Maertens, J., Lagrou, K., Deweerdt, H. et al. Ann Hematol (2000) 79: 340. doi:10.1007/s002779900137

Abstract

We describe a case of proven disseminated infection by Scedosporium prolificans in a profoundly neutropenic patient. The patient presented with a fever unresponsive to broad-spectrum antibiotics, endophthalmitis, respiratory failure and a renal abscess. The organism was isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and from pus obtained through a sterile puncture. Review of the English-language literature identified 28 additional cases; these occurred exclusively in severely neutropenic patients (predominantly leukaemia) and in transplant recipients. Apart from two or possibly three cases, dissemination was uniformly fatal due to persistent neutropenia and inherited resistance of these pathogens to currently available antifungal drugs. At present, the optimal treatment of S. prolificans infections is unknown, but reversal of the underlying deficient immune status appears of great importance.

Key wordsScedosporium prolificansLeukaemiaAntifungal resistance

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Maertens
    • 1
  • K. Lagrou
    • 3
  • H. Deweerdt
    • 1
  • I. Surmont
    • 4
  • G. E. G. Verhoef
    • 1
  • J. Verhaegen
    • 3
  • M. A. Boogaerts
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Haematology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, BelgiumBE
  2. 2.Department of Haematology, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium e-mail: johan.maertens@uz.kuleuven.ac.be Tel.: +32-16-346880 Fax: +32-16-346881BE
  3. 3.Department of Microbiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, BelgiumBE
  4. 4.Department of Microbiology, H. Hartziekenhuis VZW, Roeselaere, BelgiumBE