Autologous tandem transplantation in patients with primary progressive or relapsed/refractory lymphoma
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- Glossmann, JP., Staak, J.O., Nogova, L. et al. Ann Hematol (2005) 84: 517. doi:10.1007/s00277-005-1011-y
Patients with primary progressive or refractory Hodgkin’s disease (HD) or aggressive non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) have a particularly poor prognosis. Here we report the results of autologous tandem transplantation in these patients. Patients aged 18–55 years with primary progressive or refractory relapsed HD and aggressive NHL were included. Patients received high-dose etoposide (2000 mg/m2) followed by peripheral blood stem cell harvest (PBSC). The first high-dose chemotherapy (TMC) consisted of thiotepa (750 mg/m2), mitoxantrone (40 mg/m2), and carboplatin (990 mg/m2). Patients with no change (NC), partial remission (PR), or complete remission (CR) after TMC then received BEAM with carmustine (300 mg/m2), etoposide (1200 mg/m2), cytarabine (1600 mg/m2), and melphalan (140 mg/m2). Patients with bulky disease (>5 cm) or residual lymphoma received involved field radiotherapy. Twenty-five patients were included (HD=10, NHL=15, median age 34 years). Two patients with HD achieved a CR and five patients a PR [response rate (RR) 70%]. Three patients (30%) experienced treatment failure including two deaths due to peritransplant complications. Five patients with aggressive NHL were in CR and two patients in PR (RR 46%). Of the eight patients (56%) with treatment failure, three had progressive disease and five died from peritransplant complications. Freedom from treatment failure (FFTF) and overall survival (OS) for all patients after 12 months was 28% and 40%, respectively. Tandem HDCT followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) offers a chance of cure in these poor prognostic patients, but is associated with risks.