Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, Volume 32, Issue 7, pp 693–698

Three-dimensional reconstruction of the superior mediastinum from Chinese Visible Human Female

  • Yi-xing Huang
  • Lian-zhou Jin
  • Jason A. Lowe
  • Xiang-yang Wang
  • Hua-zi Xu
  • Yu-jing Teng
  • Hua-zhen Zhang
  • Yong-long Chi
Teaching Anatomy

DOI: 10.1007/s00276-010-0627-3

Cite this article as:
Huang, Y., Jin, L., Lowe, J.A. et al. Surg Radiol Anat (2010) 32: 693. doi:10.1007/s00276-010-0627-3

Abstract

Purpose

This research aimed to construct three-dimensional (3D) visible models of the superior mediastinum for anatomic study and surgical approaches to the superior mediastinum.

Method

Sectional images of the superior mediastinum were acquired through the Chinese Visible Human Female (VCHF) database. One hundred eighty images of the superior mediastinum were imported into Photoshop CS and the images were converted into a JPEG format. Surface and volume reconstruction were performed by 3D Doctor 3.5 and Amira 4.0 software programs on an ordinary personal computer, respectively.

Result

The surface and volume reconstruction of the superior mediastinum were successful. The surface reconstruction model allowed rotation and magnification of the superior mediastinum structures as well as displayed the contours of reconstructed structures individually or as a composite with any other selected structure. Volume reconstruction displayed abundant internal detail of reconstructed images in transverse, coronal, sagittal, and random oblique sections.

Conclusion

Three-dimensional, visible models of the superior mediastinum based on the sectional images of VCHF can provide unique insight into the anatomy of superior mediastinum. These models provide an excellent adjunct to the anatomy curriculum in medical schools and an invaluable tool for the practicing surgeon planning an operation in this complex anatomic region.

Keywords

Three-dimensional models Superior mediastinum Chinese visible human female Anatomy 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yi-xing Huang
    • 1
  • Lian-zhou Jin
    • 2
  • Jason A. Lowe
    • 3
  • Xiang-yang Wang
    • 1
  • Hua-zi Xu
    • 1
  • Yu-jing Teng
    • 1
  • Hua-zhen Zhang
    • 4
  • Yong-long Chi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgerySecond Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical CollegeWenzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of AnatomyWenzhou Medical CollegeWenzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryLongwan First People’s HospitalWenzhouChina