Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, 30:459

Anatomical terminology and nomenclature: past, present and highlights

Authors

    • Department of Anatomy, Third Faculty of MedicineCharles University in Prague
    • Department of Medicine and Humanities, Faculty of Biomedical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • Vaclav Baca
    • Department of Anatomy, Third Faculty of MedicineCharles University in Prague
    • Department of Medicine and Humanities, Faculty of Biomedical EngineeringCzech Technical University in Prague
  • Ivana Bozdechova
    • Institute of Czech Language and Theory of Communication, Faculty of ArtsCharles University in Prague
  • Pavel Cech
    • Department of History of Medicine, Third Faculty of MedicineCharles University in Prague
  • Vladimir Musil
    • Centre of Scientific Information, Third Faculty of MedicineCharles University in Prague
    • Institute of Information Studies and Librarianship, Faculty of ArtsCharles University in Prague
Review

DOI: 10.1007/s00276-008-0357-y

Cite this article as:
Kachlik, D., Baca, V., Bozdechova, I. et al. Surg Radiol Anat (2008) 30: 459. doi:10.1007/s00276-008-0357-y

Abstract

The anatomical terminology is a base for medical communication. It is elaborated into a nomenclature in Latin. Its history goes back to 1895, when the first Latin anatomical nomenclature was published as Basiliensia Nomina Anatomica. It was followed by seven revisions (Jenaiensia Nomina Anatomica 1935, ParisiensiaNomina Anatomica 1955, Nomina Anatomica 2nd to 6th edition 1960–1989). The last revision, Terminologia Anatomica, (TA) created by the Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology and approved by the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists, was published in 1998. Apart from the official Latin anatomical terminology, it includes a list of recommended English equivalents. In this article, major changes and pitfalls of the nomenclature are discussed, as well as the clinical anatomy terms. The last revision (TA) is highly recommended to the attention of not only teachers, students and researchers, but also to clinicians, doctors, translators, editors and publishers to be followed in their activities.

Keywords

AnatomyTerminologyNomenclatureHistory

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008