Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 355–358

Morphometry by computerized three-dimensional reconstruction of the human carpal bones during embryogenesis


    • Laboratoire d’anatomieInstitut d’Anatomie de Paris
    • Service de Chirurgie OrthopédiqueHôpital Avicenne
  • V. Delmas
    • Laboratoire d’anatomieInstitut d’Anatomie de Paris
  • M. -C. Ho Ba Tho
    • Laboratoire de biomécanique et génie biomédical, UMR CNRS 6600Université de technologie de Compiègne
  • Z. Batchvarova
    • Laboratoire d’anatomieInstitut d’Anatomie de Paris
  • J. F. Uhl
    • Laboratoire d’anatomieInstitut d’Anatomie de Paris
  • C. Oberlin
    • Laboratoire d’anatomieInstitut d’Anatomie de Paris
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00276-006-0108-x

Cite this article as:
Durand, S., Delmas, V., Ho Ba Tho, M.-. et al. Surg Radiol Anat (2006) 28: 355. doi:10.1007/s00276-006-0108-x


Carpal skeleton shows drastic developmental changes during embryogenesis. At this stage, the cartilaginous matrices appear and later form models of the limb bones. The purpose of this study was to investigate the morphometry of carpal bones in humans during embryological development. We obtained digitalized histological serial sections of 18 human embryos and early fetuses from the Institute of Anatomy in Paris. Surfdriver and MSC.Patran software were used for three-dimensional reconstruction and morphometry. There was a strong correlation between the volume of the carpal cartilaginous structure and the size of the embryos (P<0.001) and an exponential correlation between the carpal volume and the percentage of volume presented by the proximal carpal row (P=0.005). According to inertia parameters, the geometry of carpal cartilaginous structure, initially plane, becomes curved during embryogenesis. Carpal bones growth follows non-homothetic transformation. The innovations in embryo reconstruction serve as new tool for scientific investigation. A hypothesis of carpal development is proposed.


Carpal bones Embryo Three-dimensional reconstruction Anatomy Histology

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006