CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 1221–1231

United Kingdom Carotid Artery Stent Registry: Short- and Long-Term Outcomes

Clinical Investigation

DOI: 10.1007/s00270-013-0573-7

Cite this article as:
Goode, S.D., Cleveland, T.J. & Gaines, P.A. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol (2013) 36: 1221. doi:10.1007/s00270-013-0573-7

Abstract

Background

Carotid artery stenting (CAS) has evolved to treat carotid artery disease with the intention of prevent stroke. The British Society of Interventional Radiologists developed a voluntary registry to monitor the practice of this novel procedure. We present the data from the United Kingdom (UK) CAS registry for short and long-term outcomes for symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid disease.

Methods

The UK CAS registry collected data from 1998 to 2010 from 31 hospitals across the UK for 1,154 patients. All interventions were enrolled in the registry for both asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. Initial entry forms were completed for each patient entered with data including indications, demographic data, CAS data (including stents and protection device details) and 30-day outcomes. Complications were documented. Follow-up data were collected at yearly intervals.

Results

Nine hundred fifty-three (83 %) symptomatic and 201 (17 %) asymptomatic patients were enrolled into the registry. The 30-day all stroke and death rates for symptomatic patients were 5.5 and 2.2 % for those with asymptomatic disease. The 30-day mortality rate was 1.7 % for symptomatic and 0.6 % for asymptomatic patients. For symptomatic patients undergoing CAS, the 7-year all-cause mortality rate was 22.2 % and for asymptomatic patients 18.1 %. The 7-year all-cause mortality and disabling stroke rates were 25.3 and 19.4 %, respectively.

Conclusion

These data indicate that outside of the tight constraints of a randomised trial, CAS provides effective prophylaxis against stroke and death.

Keywords

Carotid arteryArterial interventionStenting

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sheffield Vascular InstituteNorthern General HospitalSheffieldUK