CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 705–716

Utility of MRI Before and After Uterine Fibroid Embolization: Why to Do It and What to Look For

  • John Martin Kirby
  • David Burrows
  • Ehsan Haider
  • Zeev Maizlin
  • Mehran Midia
Review/State of the Art

DOI: 10.1007/s00270-010-0029-2

Cite this article as:
Kirby, J.M., Burrows, D., Haider, E. et al. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol (2011) 34: 705. doi:10.1007/s00270-010-0029-2

Abstract

The utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the selection, procedure planning, and follow-up of patients undergoing arterial embolization for uterine fibroids is reviewed. Advantages of MRI over ultrasound include multiplanar imaging capability, a larger field of view, increased spatial resolution, improved anatomic detail, and the ability to detect other pelvic disorders. MRI can assess fibroid viability by detecting contrast agent enhancement. Magnetic resonance angiography has a useful role in evaluation of pelvic vasculature. Magnetic resonance parameters such as T1 and T2 relaxation times and diffusion-weighted characteristics have an emerging role in predicting outcome before and after embolization. MRI may be used to evaluate technical success and to image potential complications after embolization.

Keywords

FibroidEmbolizationMRI

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Martin Kirby
    • 1
  • David Burrows
    • 1
  • Ehsan Haider
    • 1
  • Zeev Maizlin
    • 1
  • Mehran Midia
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical ImagingMcMaster University Medical CenterHamiltonCanada