CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 307–312

MELD Score as a Predictor of Early Death in Patients Undergoing Elective Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) Procedures

Authors

  • Aaron Montgomery
    • Section of Cardiovascular and Special interventions, Department of RadiologyThe University of Texas Health Sciences Center atSan Antonio
    • Section of Cardiovascular and Special interventions, Department of RadiologyThe University of Texas Health Sciences Center atSan Antonio
    • Department of Radiology, Interventional RadiologyRush University Medical Center
  • Rajiv Vasan
    • Section of Cardiovascular and Special interventions, Department of RadiologyThe University of Texas Health Sciences Center atSan Antonio
  • Darren W. Postoak
    • Section of Cardiovascular and Special interventions, Department of RadiologyThe University of Texas Health Sciences Center atSan Antonio
Clinical Investigation

DOI: 10.1007/s00270-004-0145-y

Cite this article as:
Montgomery, A., Ferral, H., Vasan, R. et al. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol (2005) 28: 307. doi:10.1007/s00270-004-0145-y

Abstract

Purpose

To Evaluate the MELD score as a predictor of 30-day mortality in patients undergoing elective TIPS procedures.

Methods

This was a retrospective, IRB-approved study. The medical records of all patients who underwent a TIPS procedure between May 1, 1999 and June 1, 2003 in a single institution were reviewed. Patients who underwent elective TIPS were selected. Elective TIPS was performed in 119 patients with a mean age of 55.1 (± 9.6) years. The MELD and Child-Pugh scores before TIPS, etiology of cirrhosis, portosystemic gradients before and after TIPS, procedure time, and procedural complications were obtained from the medical records. The MELD and Child-Pugh scores before TIPS were compared between the survivor group (SG) and the early death (EDG) group. The early death rate was calculated for MELD score subgroups (1–10, 11–17, 18–24, and >24). Data were analyzed using the Fisher exact test, chi-square test and independent-sample t-test. A p value of less than 0.05 was considered significant.

Results

Technical success rate was 100%. The early death rate was 10.9% (13/119). The mean MELD scores before TIPS were 19.4 (± 5.9) (EDG) and 14 (± 4.2) (SG) (p = 0.025). The early death rate was highest in the pre-TIPS MELD > 24 subgroup. The Child-Pugh scores were 9.0 (± 1.6) (SG) and 9.8 ± 1.06 (EDG) (p = 0.08). The mean portosystemic gradients before TIPS were 20.5 (± 7.7) mmHg (EDG) and 22.7 (± 7.3) (SG) (p > 1) and the mean portosystemic gradients after TIPS were 6.5 (± 3.5) (EDG) and 6.9 (± 2.4) (SG) (p > 1). The mean procedural times were 95.6 (± 8.4) min (EDG) and 89.2 (± 7.5) min (SG) (p > 1). No early death was attributed to a fatal complication during TIPS.

Conclusion

The MELD score is useful in identifying patients at a higher risk of early death after an elective TIPS. On th basis of our results, we do not endorse elective TIPS in patients with MELD scores > 24.

Keywords

Child-Pugh scoreMELD scoreTIPS

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005