Case Report

CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 372-376

First online:

Balloon Dilation of the Superior Vena Cava (SVC) Resulting in SVC Rupture and Pericardial Tamponade: A Case Report and Brief Review

  • Karen T. BrownAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Email author 
  • , George I. GetrajdmanAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


Stent placement is an accepted primary treatment for SVC syndrome. Balloon dilation is frequently performed prior to stent placement. Although various stent-related hemorrhagic complications have been reported, as well as reports of iatrogenic catheter and guidewire perforations, there has been only one previous report of balloon dilation–related SVC rupture. We report a second case, including the clinical scenario, in the hope that should this complication occur, it might be recognized quickly and treated successfully.


Vena cava, interventional procedure Superior vena cava syndrome Vena cava, stenosis or obstruction Angioplasty complication