, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 372-376

Balloon Dilation of the Superior Vena Cava (SVC) Resulting in SVC Rupture and Pericardial Tamponade: A Case Report and Brief Review

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Abstract

Stent placement is an accepted primary treatment for SVC syndrome. Balloon dilation is frequently performed prior to stent placement. Although various stent-related hemorrhagic complications have been reported, as well as reports of iatrogenic catheter and guidewire perforations, there has been only one previous report of balloon dilation–related SVC rupture. We report a second case, including the clinical scenario, in the hope that should this complication occur, it might be recognized quickly and treated successfully.