Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunts in Children with Biliary Atresia
- Cite this article as:
- Huppert, P., Goffette, P., Astfalk, W. et al. CVIR (2002) 25: 484. doi:10.1007/s00270-002-1913-1
- 97 Downloads
Purpose: We retrospectively evaluated the technical and long-term clinical results of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) in children with portal hypertension and biliary atresia (BA). Methods: Nine children with BA and recurrent bleeding from esophagogastric and/or intestinal varices were treated by TIPS at the age of 34–156 months and followed-up in two centers. Different types of stents were used. Results: Shunt insertion succeeded in all patients, but in two a second procedure was necessary. Seven procedures lasted more than 3 hr, mainly due to difficult portal vein puncture. Variceal bleeding ceased in all patients; however, 16 reinterventions were performed in eight patients for clinical reasons (n = 11) and sonographically suspected restenosis (n = 5). Four patients underwent successful liver transplantation 4–51 months after TIPS and five are in good clinical conditions 64–75 months after TIPS. Conclusions: TIPS in children with BA is technically difficult, mainly due to periportal fibrosis and small portal veins. Frequency of reinterventions seems to be higher compared with adults.