Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

, Volume 41, Issue 6, pp 403–407

Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius

  • Francesco Demartin
  • Italo Campostrini
  • Carlo Castellano
  • Massimo Russo
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00269-014-0668-y

Cite this article as:
Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Castellano, C. et al. Phys Chem Minerals (2014) 41: 403. doi:10.1007/s00269-014-0668-y

Abstract

The new mineral parascandolaite, isotypic to cubic perovskites, space group Pm\(\overline{3}\)m (no. 221) is the natural analog of the synthetic fluoride KMgF3 and is related to neighborite, NaMgF3. It was found as a volcanic sublimate at Vesuvius volcano on 1944 eruption lava scoria, associated with opal, cerussite, mimetite, phoenicochroite and coulsellite. It occurs as transparent colorless to white cubic crystals up to 0.5 mm in length with vitreous luster. The density measured by flotation in a diiodomethane–toluene mixture is 3.11(1) g/cm3; that calculated from the empirical formula and single-crystal X-ray data is 3.123 g/cm3. The mineral is isotropic with n = 1.395(5) (580 nm). The six strongest reflections in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are: [dobs in Å(I)(hkl)] 2.001(100)(2 0 0), 2.831(83)(1 1 0), 2.311(78)(1 1 1), 1.415(56)(2 2 0), 1.633(35)(2 1 1) and 1.206(22)(3 1 1). The unit-cell parameter is a = 4.0032(9) Å. The structure was refined to a final R(F) = 0.0149 for 35 independent observed reflections [I > 2σ(I)]. The mineral is named after the Italian mineralogist Antonio Parascandola (1902–1977).

Keywords

Parascandolaite New mineral species Fumarole sublimate Crystal structure Potassium magnesium trifluoride Vesuvius 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Demartin
    • 1
  • Italo Campostrini
    • 1
  • Carlo Castellano
    • 1
  • Massimo Russo
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di ChimicaUniversità degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly
  2. 2.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica E VulcanologiaSez. Napoli – Osservatorio VesuvianoNaplesItaly

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