Ethical Problems in Surgery: Innovation Leading to Unforeseen Complications
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- McKneally, M. World J. Surg. (1999) 23: 786. doi:10.1007/s002689900580
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A hypothetical case that involves a surgical innovation is used to illustrate three ethical issues in surgery: the profound trust that vulnerable patients feel toward their surgeons, even when they innovate; the disequilibrating effect of new procedures on traditional safeguards of surgical competence; and the need for a systematic approach to the evaluation of new surgical procedures.