Benefits of Endoscopic Vein Harvesting
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- Marty, B., von Segesser, L., Tozzi, P. et al. World J. Surg. (2000) 24: 1104. doi:10.1007/s002680010178
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the benefits of endoscopic saphenous vein harvesting (EVH) with the traditional incision technique (TIT) for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in respect to the technical procedure and clinical outcome. In a prospective nonrandomized, case-matched study the greater saphenous vein was harvested for CABG in 22 patients using the endoscopic technique and in 18 patients with the traditional method. Comparisons were made for the operating time, length of incision and vein harvested, graft quality, postoperative complications, and pain assessment. Patient demographics were well matched. EVH required smaller incisions than did the TIT (10.5 ± 6.6 vs. 31.2 ± 7.8 cm, respectively; p < 0.0001). Harvest time and vein quality were comparable in the two groups. Total vein operating time was shorter following the endoscopic technique (60 ± 24 vs. 100 ± 35 minutes, respectively; p < 0.0001). EVH had fewer complications (NS), and postoperative pain was significantly less (p= 0.0034). The major advantages of endoscopic vein harvesting are a significant reduction of postoperative pain and strikingly better cosmetic results. Wound complications seem to be less frequent.