World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 37, Issue 7, pp 1656–1660

Implantation of Prophylactic Nonabsorbable Intraperitoneal Mesh in Patients With Peritonitis Is Safe and Feasible

Authors

  • Anita Kurmann
    • Department of Visceral Surgery and MedicineInselspital, University Hospital of Bern, University of Bern
  • Corina Barnetta
    • Department of Visceral Surgery and MedicineInselspital, University Hospital of Bern, University of Bern
  • Daniel Candinas
    • Department of Visceral Surgery and MedicineInselspital, University Hospital of Bern, University of Bern
    • Department of Visceral Surgery and MedicineInselspital, University Hospital of Bern, University of Bern
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00268-013-2019-4

Cite this article as:
Kurmann, A., Barnetta, C., Candinas, D. et al. World J Surg (2013) 37: 1656. doi:10.1007/s00268-013-2019-4

Abstract

Background

Patients with peritonitis undergoing emergency laparotomy are at increased risk for postoperative open abdomen and incisional hernia. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of prophylactic intraperitoneal mesh implantation compared with conventional abdominal wall closure in patients with peritonitis undergoing emergency laparotomy.

Method

A matched case-control study was performed. To analyze a high-risk population for incisional hernia formation, only patients with at least two of the following risk factors were included: male sex, body mass index (BMI) >25 kg/m2, malignant tumor, or previous abdominal incision. In 63 patients with peritonitis, a prophylactic nonabsorbable mesh was implanted intraperitoneally between 2005 and 2010. These patients were compared with 70 patients with the same risk factors and peritonitis undergoing emergency laparotomy over a 1-year period (2008) who underwent conventional abdominal closure without mesh implantation.

Results

Demographic parameters, including sex, age, BMI, grade of intraabdominal infection, and operating time were comparable in the two groups. Incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) was not different between groups (61.9 vs. 60.3 %; p = 0.603). Enterocutaneous fistula occurred in three patients in the mesh group (4.8 %) and in two patients in the control group (2.9 %; p = 0.667). The incidence of incisional hernia was significantly lower in the mesh group (2/63 patients) than in the control group (20/70 patients) (3.2 vs. 28.6 %; p < 0.001).

Conclusions

Prophylactic intraperitoneal mesh can be safely implanted in patients with peritonitis. It significantly reduces the incidence of incisional hernia. The incidences of SSI and enterocutaneous fistula formation were similar to those seen with conventional abdominal closure.

Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2013