World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 25, Issue 10, pp 1352–1356

Safety of Laparoscopic Approach for Acute Cholecystitis: Retrospective Study of 609 Cases

  • Benoît Navez
  • Didier Mutter
  • Yves Russier
  • Michel Vix
  • Faek Jamali
  • David Lipski
  • Emmanuel Cambier
  • Pierre Guiot
  • Joël Leroy
  • Jacques Marescaux
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00268-001-0122-4

Cite this article as:
Navez, B., Mutter, D., Russier, Y. et al. World J. Surg. (2001) 25: 1352. doi:10.1007/s00268-001-0122-4

Abstract.

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is now widely accepted as the modality of choice for the treatment of symptomatic uncomplicated cholelithiasis. The application of the laparoscopic technique in the setting of acute cholecystitis (AC) is more controversial. The precise role as well as the potential benefits of LC in the treatment of the acutely inflamed gallbladder have not been clearly established through large clinical series. The aim of our study was to assess the feasibility, safety, benefits, and specific complications of the laparoscopic approach in patients with AC. A retrospective chart analysis involving the patients admitted to two busy emergency digestive surgical units between October 1990 and December 1997 was carried out. Six hundred and nine patients meeting our criteria for AC were identified and evaluated. Overall complication rate was 15% with 12 postoperative bile leakages (1.97%) and 4 biliary tract injuries (BTI) (0.66%). The overall mortality rate was 0.66%. Local and overall complication rates were significantly correlated with the delay between the onset of acute symptoms and the operation but not the rate of general complications nor deaths. Our results demonstrate the safety and feasibility of LC in the setting of AC. Early cholecystectomy within 4 days is strongly recommended to minimize complications and increase the chances of a successful laparoscopic approach.

Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benoît Navez
    • 1
  • Didier Mutter
    • 2
  • Yves Russier
    • 2
  • Michel Vix
    • 2
  • Faek Jamali
    • 2
  • David Lipski
    • 1
  • Emmanuel Cambier
    • 1
  • Pierre Guiot
    • 1
  • Joël Leroy
    • 2
  • Jacques Marescaux
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of General and Digestive Surgery, St. Joseph Hospital, 6 rue de la Duchère, B-6060 Charleroi (Gilly), BelgiumBE
  2. 2.Department of Digestive and Endocrine Surgery, IRCAD/EITS, Chirurgie A, Hopitaux Universitaires, F-67091 Strasbourg, FranceFR