Environmental Management

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 468–484

An Empirical Evaluation of Private Landowner Participation in Voluntary Forest Conservation Programs


DOI: 10.1007/s00267-009-9327-3

Cite this article as:
Kauneckis, D. & York, A.M. Environmental Management (2009) 44: 468. doi:10.1007/s00267-009-9327-3


The use of voluntary programs targeting resource conservation on private land has become increasingly prevalent in environmental policy. Voluntary programs potentially offer significant benefits over regulatory and market-based approaches. This article examines the factors affecting landowner participation in voluntary forest conservation programs using a combination of parcel-level GIS and remotely sensed data and semi-structured interviews of landowners in Monroe County, Indiana. A logistic regression model is applied to determine the probability of participation based on landowner education, membership in other non-forest voluntary programs, dominant land use activity, parcel size, distance from urban center, land resource portfolios, and forest cover. Both land use activity and the spatial configuration of a landholder’s resource portfolio are found to be statistically significant with important implications for the design and implementation of voluntary programs.


Voluntary programsLand-use policyPrivate lands

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Political Science DepartmentUniversity of Nevada–RenoRenoUSA
  2. 2.Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity, School of Human Evolution and Social ChangeArizona State UniversityTempeUSA