Use of Porous High-Density Polyethylene in Revision Rhinoplasty and in the Platyrrhine Nose
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- Romo III, T., Sclafani, A. & Sabini, P. Aesth. Plast. Surg. (1998) 22: 211. doi:10.1007/s002669900193
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Nasal reconstruction presents a significant challenge to the facial plastic surgeon. Reestablishment of the desired aesthetic nasal contour and restoration of respiratory function are the dual goals of this endeavor. While autologous cartilage or bone is considered optimal grafting material, the supply is often limited and harvesting entails additional morbidity. Many synthetic materials have been introduced for use in nasal reconstruction, but high infection and extrusion rates have left most surgeons dissatisfied with conventional implants. Porous polyethylene (Medpor) implants were used for nasal reconstruction in 187 patients; 66 (35.3%) patients underwent primary rhinoplasty, while revision surgery was performed in 121 (64.7%) patients. Most patients required multiple implants, including columella struts, plumper grafts, dorsal tip implants, and nasal valve battens. Postoperative follow-up ranged from 6 months to 3.5 years. Complications occurred in five (2.6%) patients. Three early and two delayed infections necessitated implant removal in five patients, all of whom had compromised skin–soft tissue envelopes secondary to heavy smoking, cocaine abuse, or prior surgery. One case of an overly augmented nasal dorsum and tip required implant removal, reduction, and reinsertion. All implants were easily removed. No other complications including implant extrusion or skin erosion have been noted. Porous polyethylene (Medpor) implants allow for fibrovascular ingrowth, which lends stability to the implant. Porous polyethylene implants are well tolerated and provide an ideal material for nasal reconstruction.