Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 122–127

Mammaplasties and Medicolegal Issues: 50 Cases of Litigation in Aesthetic Surgery of the Breast

  • A. Marchesi
  • M. Marchesi
  • F. C. Fasulo
  • O. Morini
  • L. Vaienti
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00266-011-9768-y

Cite this article as:
Marchesi, A., Marchesi, M., Fasulo, F.C. et al. Aesth Plast Surg (2012) 36: 122. doi:10.1007/s00266-011-9768-y



Aesthetic surgery procedures are increasing all over the world, and so are related medicolegal questions and litigation cases. Aesthetic mammaplasties represent a very important part of this field and consequently many cases of error appear. Most of these errors lead to litigation from which plastic surgeons rarely can be exonerated. The aim of this article was to evaluate different errors ascribed to the plastic surgeon, the rate of cases in which professional responsibility has been identified, and the type of guilt imputed.


Each case is based on the evaluation of both documentation used by the judge and the relationships of two specialists involved in the assessment of the presumed error. In every case, problems complained about by the patient and the eventually related error of the surgeon were analyzed. Moreover, the eventual identification of professional responsibility, the quantified damage, and its possible reduction by another corrective operation were considered.


The cases studied (N = 50) were divided into 34 cases of augmentation mammaplasty, 11 cases of reduction mammaplasty, and 5 cases of mastopexy. Most of the problems complained about by patients were in the preoperative and intraoperative phases. In only 10% of the cases was the informed consent contested and an expected reduction of the damage was individuated in less than half of cases.


The evaluation of aesthetic damage is a tricky question due to different aspects such as the psychological component or the frequent lack of adequate photographic documentation of the patient before the operation. Moreover, whenever possible reduction of the damage is proposed, the patient’s willingness to undergo another operation, with all its related costs and benefits, must be considered.


Aesthetic surgeryBreastLitigationMalpracticeMedicolegal issues

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Marchesi
    • 1
  • M. Marchesi
    • 2
  • F. C. Fasulo
    • 3
  • O. Morini
    • 4
  • L. Vaienti
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive SurgeryI.R.C.C.S. Policlinico San DonatoSan Donato MilaneseItaly
  2. 2.Department of Legal and Insurance MedicineUniversità degli Studi di MilanoMilanoItaly
  3. 3.Aesthetic Surgery ServiceIstituto Medico QuadronnoMilanoItaly
  4. 4.Legal and Insurance Medicine DepartmentUniversità degli Studi di Milano-BicoccaMonzaItaly
  5. 5.Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic SurgeryUniversità degli Studi di MilanoMilanoItaly