International Orthopaedics

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 129–132

Benefits of early intramedullary nailing in femoral metastases

  • Camilla Arvinius
  • Juan Luis Cebrián Parra
  • Laura Serrano Mateo
  • Roberto García Maroto
  • Alberto Francés Borrego
  • Luis López-Durán Stern
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00264-013-2108-x

Cite this article as:
Arvinius, C., Parra, J.L.C., Mateo, L.S. et al. International Orthopaedics (SICOT) (2014) 38: 129. doi:10.1007/s00264-013-2108-x

Abstract

Purpose

Pathological fractures of the long bones are common complications of metastatic disease; however, the outcome of different surgical techniques for the treatment of these fractures has not been clearly defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in prophylactic and therapeutic intramedullary nailing in femoral metastasic implants.

Methods

Sixty-five patients with metastasis of the femur were analysed retrospectively (37 females; 28 males) between 1995 and 2011 (follow-up 15 months). Forty-four presented with pathological fractures and 21 impending fractures (Mirel ≥7). The operative treatments used were intramedullary fixation with reamed long Gamma nails. The studied parameters were survival, radiological and analytical findings, and functional outcomes.

Results

Prophylactic nailing resulted in immediate postoperative deaths in 5 % vs. 11.4 % in therapeutic, and one technical complication was detected in each group. Among the surviving patients 75.9 % of the fractures and 100 % of impending lesions were able to walk after the operation. The mean survival time was 11 months in the therapeutic (range 1–49) and 14 in the prophylactic group (1–34). The prophylactic intramedullary nails required a lower transfusion rate (1.4 concentrates vs. 3.0), mobilised earlier (day 4.0 vs. 9.7) and needed a shorter hospital stay (eight days vs. 16 days) compared to therapeutic nails (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Femoral intramedullary nailing of metastasic lesions provides satisfactory results both clinically and radiologically. Early treatment of the metastases prevents fractures and gives better results, improving life quality of these patients.

Keywords

Pathological Fracture Femur Intramedullary Nail Impending 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camilla Arvinius
    • 1
  • Juan Luis Cebrián Parra
    • 1
  • Laura Serrano Mateo
    • 1
  • Roberto García Maroto
    • 1
  • Alberto Francés Borrego
    • 1
  • Luis López-Durán Stern
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology at Hospital Clínico San CarlosMadridSpain