International Orthopaedics

, Volume 35, Issue 7, pp 951–956

Reamer-irrigator-aspirator indications and clinical results: a systematic review

  • George Cox
  • Elena Jones
  • Dennis McGonagle
  • Peter V. Giannoudis
Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00264-010-1189-z

Cite this article as:
Cox, G., Jones, E., McGonagle, D. et al. International Orthopaedics (SICOT) (2011) 35: 951. doi:10.1007/s00264-010-1189-z

Abstract

Background

The ‘reamer-irrigator-aspirator’ (RIA) is an innovation developed to reduce fat embolism (FE) and thermal necrosis (TN) that can occur during reaming/nailing of long-bone fractures. Since its inception its indications have expanded to include the treatment of long-bone osteomyelitis and as a harvester of bone graft/mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).

Methods

This study involved a systematic review, via Pubmed® and Google Scholar®, of English language sources (nine non-clinical studies, seven clinical studies and seven case reports) using the keywords: ‘reamer’, ‘irrigator’, ‘aspirator’ (1st May 2010). Sources were reviewed with reference to the RIAs efficacy in (1) preventing FE/TN, (2) treating long-bone osteomyelitis, (3) harvesting bone graft/MSCs, and (4) operating safely. Experimental data supports the use of the RIA in preventing FE and TN, however, there is a paucity of clinical data.

Conclusions

The RIA is a reliable method in achieving high volumes of bone graft/MSCs, and high union rates are reported when using RIA bone-fragments to treat non-unions. Evidence suggests possible effectiveness in treating long-bone osteomyelitis. The RIA appears relatively safe, with a low rate of morbidity provided a meticulous technique is used. When complications occur they respond well to conventional techniques. The RIA demands further investigation especially with respect to the optimal application of MSCs for bone repair strategies.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Cox
    • 1
  • Elena Jones
    • 2
  • Dennis McGonagle
    • 2
  • Peter V. Giannoudis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Academic Unit, Clarendon WingLeeds Teaching Hospitals NHS TrustLeedsUK
  2. 2.Academic Unit of the Musculoskeletal DiseasesLeeds NIHR Biomedical Research UnitLeedsUK