, Volume 63, Issue 8, pp 859-867
Date: 04 Jun 2014

B7-H1 signaling is integrated during CD8+ T cell priming and restrains effector differentiation

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A promising strategy in tumor immunotherapy is the use of activated dendritic cells as vehicles for tumor vaccines with the goal of activating anti-tumor T cell responses. Current formulations for dendritic cell-based immunotherapies have limited effects on patient survival, providing motivation for further investigation of ways to enhance dendritic cell priming of anti-tumor T cell responses. Using a brief in vitro priming model, we have found that B7-H1 expressed by activated dendritic cells is integrated during priming of naïve CD8+ T cells and functions to limit the differentiation of effector T cell responses. CD8+ T cells primed by B7-H1-deficient dendritic cells exhibit increased production of IFN-γ, enhanced target cell killing, and improved anti-tumor activity. Additionally, enhanced memory populations arise from CD8+ T cells primed by B7-H1-deficient dendritic cells. Based on these findings, we suggest that early blockade of B7-H1 signaling should be investigated as a strategy to improve dendritic cell-based anti-tumor immunotherapy.

Drs. Eugene D. Kwon and Haidong Dong share senior authorship.