, Volume 57, Issue 10, pp 1523-1529
Date: 17 May 2008

Combined modality immunotherapy and chemotherapy: a new perspective

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The results of recent clinical trials have demonstrated that cancer vaccines continue to struggle to achieve tangible clinical benefits as monotherapy. Tumor-induced abnormalities in the immune system hamper anti-tumor T cell responses limiting the effectiveness of cancer immunotherapy. Recently, evidence has been mounting to suggest that immunotherapy has the possibility of achieving better success when used in combination with conventional chemotherapy. In clinical trials, immune responses elicited by cancer vaccines appear to augment the effectiveness of subsequent conventional cancer therapies.

This article is a symposium paper from the conference “The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) and the European Society for Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy (ESCII) International Symposium on Immunology”, held in Athens, Greece, on 15–17 November 2007.