Robust anti-tumor immunity and memory in Rag-1-deficient mice following adoptive transfer of cytokine-primed splenocytes and tumor CD80 expression
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- Ganesan, P.L., Alexander, S.I., Watson, D. et al. Cancer Immunol Immunother (2007) 56: 1955. doi:10.1007/s00262-007-0339-7
Successful immunotherapy of solid tumors has proven difficult to achieve. The aim of the current study was to further investigate the effects of peripheral CD80-mediated co-stimulation on the efficacy of polyclonal anti-tumor effector CTL in an adoptive transfer model. Splenocytes obtained from wild-type mice immunized with CD80-transduced EL4 tumor cells were expanded in vitro in the presence of either IL-12 or IL-15 and irradiated CD80-transduced EL4 tumor cells. Polyclonal CD8 T cells were the major subset in the effector population. Primed effector cells were adoptively transferred into immuno-deficient Rag-1-deficient mice which were then challenged with syngeneic vector-control or CD80-transduced EL4 tumor cells. Expression of CD80 enhanced the elimination of EL4 tumors and mouse survival. Both IL-12 and IL-15 cultured cells had enhanced cytotoxicity. Importantly, anti-tumor memory was maintained without tumor evasion following re-challenge with either CD80-transduced and vector-control EL4 cells. We also show, using antibody-mediated depletion, that endogenous NK cells present in Rag-1-deficent mice exert anti-EL4 tumor activity that is enhanced by CD80 expression. Collectively these data show that peripheral co-stimulation by tumor expression of CD80 results in enhanced anti-tumor efficacy of NK and polyclonal effector T cells, and suggest that TCR repertoire diversity helps protect against tumor escape and provides memory with resultant robust immunity to subsequent tumor challenge irrespective of CD80 status.