, Volume 56, Issue 4, pp 545-553
Date: 10 Oct 2006

Synthesis of glycosylated human tumor necrosis factor α coupled with N-acetylneuraminic acid

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


In order to study the effect of glycosylation on its biological activities, and to develop TNFα with less deleterious effects, recombinant human TNFα was chemically coupled with N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc). NeuAc with C9 spacer was coupled to TNFα by acyl azide method. Two glycosylated TNFαs, designated L NeuAc-TNFα and H NeuAc-TNFα, were purified by anion-exchange chromatography. NeuAc coupling to TNFα was confirmed by lectin blotting. Average number of carbohydrate molecules introduced per molecule of L NeuAc-TNFα and H NeuAc-TNFα were estimated to be 1.0 and 1.5, respectively. We examined a variety of TNFα activities in vitro, including antiproliferative or cytotoxic activities to tumor cells, proliferative effect on fibroblast cells, stimulatory effects on IL-6 production by melanoma cells and NF-κB activation in hepatoma cells. L NeuAc-TNFα and H NeuAc-TNFα exhibited reduced activities about 1/3 and 1/10 as compared to native TNFα in all the activities performed in vitro.