Interpretation and reporting multiparametric prostate MRI: a primer for residents and novices
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- Hedgire, S.S., Eberhardt, S.C., Borczuk, R. et al. Abdom Imaging (2014) 39: 1036. doi:10.1007/s00261-014-0097-x
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Multiparametric MRI has developed as a tool for prostate cancer lesion detection, characterization, staging, surveillance, and imaging of local recurrence. Given the disease frequency and the growing importance of imaging, as reliance on PSA declines, radiologists involved in prostate MRI imaging must become proficient with the fundamentals of multiparametric prostate MRI (T2WI, DWI, DCE-MRI, and MR spectroscopy). Interpretation and reporting must yield accuracy, consistency, and add value to clinical care. This review provides a primer to novices and trainees learning about multiparametric prostate MRI. MRI technique is presented along with the use of particular MRI sequences. Relevant prostate anatomy is outlined and imaging features of prostate cancer with staging are discussed. Finally structured reporting is introduced, and some limitations of prostate MRI are discussed.