Article

Abdominal Imaging

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 397-411

First online:

Current concepts in the imaging of uterine sarcoma

  • Sree Harsha TirumaniAffiliated withDepartment of Diagnostic Radiology, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University Health CentreDepartment of Diagnostic Imaging, The Ottawa Hospital
  • , Vijayanadh OjiliAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, University of Texas HSC at San Antonio
  • , Alampady Krishna Prasad ShanbhogueAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, University of Texas HSC at San Antonio Email author 
  • , Najla FasihAffiliated withDepartment of Diagnostic Imaging, The Ottawa Hospital
  • , John G. RyanAffiliated withDepartment of Diagnostic Imaging, The Ottawa Hospital
  • , Caroline ReinholdAffiliated withDepartment of Diagnostic Radiology, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University Health Centre

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Abstract

Recent advances in genetics and pathology have improved our understanding of diagnosis and staging of uterine sarcomas. The major types of uterine sarcomas include leiomyosarcoma, low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma, undifferentiated endometrial sarcoma, adenosarcoma and carcinosarcoma. The distinctive biological behavior and poor overall survival of uterine sarcoma create challenges in the management of these tumors. We herein present a comprehensive review of taxonomy, epidemiology, pathology, imaging findings and natural history of a wide spectrum of uterine sarcomas.

Keywords

Uterine sarcomas Leiomyosarcoma Endometrial stromal sarcoma Carcinosarcoma MRI