Abdominal Imaging

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 292–300

Detection of flat lesions in the colon with CT colonography

  • J. L. Fidler
  • C. D. Johnson
  • R. L. MacCarty
  • T. J. Welch
  • A. K. Hara
  • W. S. Harmsen
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00261-001-0171-z

Cite this article as:
Fidler, J., Johnson, C., MacCarty, R. et al. Abdom Imaging (2002) 27: 292. doi:10.1007/s00261-001-0171-z

Abstract

Background:We investigated whether flat lesions of the colon could be detected on computed tomographic colonography (CTC).

Methods: CTC and conventional colonoscopy were performed on 547 consecutive patients. A subset of 22 polyps was described as flat on colonoscopy (n= 16) or CTC (n= 6) and are the basis of this report. CTC was performed with a standard technique (5-mm collimation, 3-mm reconstruction intervals). Patients were scanned in supine and prone positions. Examinations were randomly assigned and reviewed in a blinded fashion by two of three radiologists. Prospective interpretations were recorded. All patients had conventional colonoscopy, which served as the gold standard.

Results: Twenty-two flat lesions ranging from 0.4 to 3.5 cm were histologically classified as adenomatous (n= 8) or hyperplastic (n= 14). The sensitivities for detecting all flat lesions and flat adenomas by each reviewer were 43% and 100%, 65% and 100%, and 15% and 13%, respectively. “Double reading” resulted in detection of 68% of all lesions and 100% of adenomas. Of the seven hyperplastic polyps missed by both reviewers, four were identified retrospectively.

Conclusion: Flat lesions of the colon represent an important source of false negative CTC examinations. Awareness of their morphology can assist radiologists in finding most of these challenging lesions.

Key words: Colon, computed tomography—Colon, neoplasms—Colonoscopy—Colon, abnormalities.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. L. Fidler
    • 1
  • C. D. Johnson
    • 1
  • R. L. MacCarty
    • 1
  • T. J. Welch
    • 1
  • A. K. Hara
    • 1
  • W. S. Harmsen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USAUS
  2. 2.Section of Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USAUS