Pharmacological effects of dopaminergic drugs on in vivo binding of [99mTc]TRODAT-1 to the central dopamine transporters in rats
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- Dresel, S., Kung, MP., Plössl, K. et al. Eur J Nucl Med (1998) 25: 31. doi:10.1007/s002590050191
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-(exo-exo)]-, [99mTc]TRODAT-1, to DAT. This paper describes the further characterization of [99mTc]TRODAT-1 binding sites in rats under conditions which may exist in patients receiving various drug treatments. All experiments were carried out using an i.v. injection of [99mTc]TRODAT-1 into male Sprague-Dawley rats. Measurements of % dose/gram ratio of (striatum–cerebellum)/cerebellum at 1 h post injection were used as an indicator for specific DAT binding. The biodistribution studies were performed in the presence of drugs which compete for the binding site, such as CFT (WIN 35,428) and methylphenidate, drugs which influence dopamine levels, such as l-DOPA, γ-hydroxybutyrolactone, and α-methyl-p-tyrosine, and d-amphetamine, which both acts as a competitor for DAT binding and increases dopamine levels. Additionally, the influence of dopamine receptor agonists, such as apomorphine and (+)bromocriptine, on biodistribution was tested. Binding of [99mTc]TRODAT-1 to DAT was found to be inhibited by CFT, methylphenidate, and d-amphetamine in a dose-dependent manner. The specific binding of [99mTc]TRODAT-1 was not altered by dopamine receptor agonists or by drugs which cause minor changes in dopamine levels. When administered in high doses (634 μmol/kg), l-DOPA also decreased the binding of [99mTc]TRODAT-1. It is likely that a low dose of l-DOPA (normally needed in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease) will not affect the results on [99mTc]TRODAT-1 single-photon emission tomographic (SPET) imaging studies. In conclusion, the results clearly demonstrate the specificity of [99mTc]TRODAT-1 binding to DAT in vivo. Competition for [99mTc]TRODAT-1 binding was observed only with drug treatment that significantly increases dopamine levels or actively competes for binding at DAT. The results suggest that prior knowledge of whether patients are receiving various drug treatments may assist in the interpretation of DAT status as assessed by SPET imaging studies using [99mTc]TRODAT-1.